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The Founding of the 13 Colonies | History
The Founding of the 13 Colonies | History
The 13 colonies of what became the United States of America can be grouped into three geographic regions: the New England colonies, the Middle colonies, and the Southern colonies. The Middle colonies were made up of New Jersey, New York, Pennsylvania, and Delaware
The Middle colonies were situated north of the Southern colonies of Maryland, Virginia, North Carolina, South Carolina, and Georgia.. The Dutch and the Swedes established the first permanent European settlements throughout much of the Middle colonies
The Swedes established settlements in the areas now known as Pennsylvania and Delaware in 1638. They remained in control until the Dutch took over in the 1650s
Consisting of the colonies of New York, New Jersey, Pennsylvania, and Delaware, the Middle Colonies offered a level of adequate religious and cultural tolerance compared to many of the other English colonies. This, along with a moderate climate drew farmers, merchants, and artisans of many different faiths and cultures from Europe
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Nie wieder prokastinieren mit unseren Lernerinnerungen.Jetzt kostenlos anmelden. Consisting of the colonies of New York, New Jersey, Pennsylvania, and Delaware, the Middle Colonies offered a level of adequate religious and cultural tolerance compared to many of the other English colonies
If you’re someone who cannot do without cinnamon in your hot chocolate, pepper on your eggs or garam masala in your mutton curry, you get it: spices are powerful. But did you know that they once held so much sway that they were regarded as more valuable than the city of New York?
To be fair to the Dutch, there was no way anyone could have imagined the Manhattan of today. Who could have predicted that a swampy island frequented by fur traders would become one of the world’s major financial, cultural and political centres? On the other hand, spices were an extremely precious commodity back then—innumerable people lost their lives fighting in multiple wars over trade routes and spice-rich lands
In the 17th century, nutmeg was one of the rarest spices in the world. Apart from its flavours, its medicinal properties were highly valued
The 13 colonies founded along the Eastern seaboard in the 17th and 18th centuries weren’t the first colonial outposts on the American continent, but they are the ones where colonists eventually pushed back against British rule and designed their own version of government to form the United States.. These 13 original colonies (New Hampshire, Massachusetts, Connecticut, Rhode Island, New York, New Jersey, Pennsylvania, Delaware, Maryland, Virginia, North Carolina, South Carolina and Georgia) were established by British colonists for a range of reasons, from the pursuit of fortunes, to escape from religious prosecution to the desire to create new forms of government.
This led to a food shortage; at the same time, many agricultural workers lost their jobs.. The 16th century was also the age of mercantilism, an extremely competitive economic philosophy that pushed European nations to acquire as many colonies as they could
They provided an outlet for England’s surplus population and (in some cases) more religious freedom than England did, but their primary purpose was to make money for their sponsors.. In 1606, King James I divided the Atlantic seaboard in two, giving the southern half to the London Company (later the Virginia Company) and the northern half to the Plymouth Company.
The northern and southern American colonies had plenty of differences, but one thing they all pretty much had in common was ancestry. Virginia, Massachusetts, Maryland, Rhode Island, Connecticut, New Hampshire, the Carolinas and Georgia were all founded by Englishmen, settled by people of English descent and remained under English control throughout the colonial period
This revolving leadership and diversity in the middle colonies led a French immigrant to observe that America in its earliest beginnings was diverse in both indigenous and European peoples.. Unlike the other colonies, the middle colonies were home to a diverse group of settlers
They hoped to claim their share of the prosperous fur trade.. But the Dutch West India Company could never attract enough settlers from their country’s own small and politically stable population
Americans have often prided themselves on their rich diversity. Nowhere was that diversity more evident in pre-Revolutionary America than in the middle colonies of Pennsylvania, New York, New Jersey, and Delaware
The middle colonies contained Native American tribes of Algonkian and Iroquois language groups as well as a sizable percentage of African slaves during the early years. Unlike solidly Puritan New England, the middle colonies presented an assortment of religions
Advantaged by their central location, the middle colonies served as important distribution centers in the English mercantile system. These cities gave rise to brilliant thinkers such as Benjamin Franklin, who earned respect on both sides of the Atlantic
The United States of America initially consisted of 13 states that had been British colonies until their independence was declared in 1776 and verified by the Treaty of Paris in 1783: New Hampshire, Massachusetts, Rhode Island and Providence Plantations, Connecticut, New York, New Jersey, Pennsylvania, Delaware, Maryland, Virginia, North Carolina, South Carolina and Georgia. The following table lists, in alphabetical order, the years in which each state was established, first as a colony and later as a state in the Union party to the United States Constitution.. Connecticut was founded by European settlers from Massachusetts in 1633. It ratified the Constitution and became a state in January 1788.
England’s King George II granted a charter establishing the colony of Georgia in 1732, making it the last of the original 13 states to be established. Georgia became a state in January 1788.. The charter for the colony of Maryland was granted in 1632 and the first expedition landed in 1634
The two colonies (as well as the colony in Maine) were merged by charter in 1691. Massachusetts ratified the Constitution and became a state in February 1788.. New Hampshire was unofficially established as a fishing settlement in 1623
New Netherland was the first Dutch colony in North America. It extended from Albany, New York, in the north to Delaware in the south and encompassed parts of what are now the states of New York, New Jersey, Pennsylvania, Maryland, Connecticut, and Delaware.
In 1609, Hudson and his crew sailed the ship de Halve Maen (the Half Moon) from the Delaware Bay up to the river now named for Hudson. Upon his return to the Netherlands, Hudson described what he had found: a magnificent harbor, wide navigable rivers, and a land rich in natural resources.
Soon after Hudson’s report was made public, merchants and investors started sponsoring speculative voyages to the new colony. In 1621, the Dutch government chartered the West India Company with the goal both of bringing order to economic activity in New Netherland and of challenging Spanish influence in the New World.
Without the 13 colonies there would be no AP® United States History. Kind of obvious, right? But how much do you really know about these early European communities and the governments that they created? It can be a little daunting getting them all straight, especially since they each had their own identities, histories, places of origin, etc
This APUSH review on the 13 colonies has been organized to provide you with all the details you will need for your exam. We’ve got the nitty-gritty dates and names of when each colony was created, populated, etc., but we’ve also organized each colony’s history into easy to understand themes, including the analytical information you’ll need to know for the essay writing sections of the APUSH exam
Let’s get the most obvious information out of the way first. The 13 colonies consisted of Delaware, Pennsylvania, New Jersey, Georgia, Connecticut, Massachusetts Bay, Maryland, South Carolina, New Hampshire, Virginia, New York, North Carolina, and Rhode Island (and the Providence Plantations)
Celebrate our birthday with a 60% off present when you register for MrN 365- the subscription, ad-free, all-content, teacher-curated, enhanced feature version of MrNussbaum.com. Giovanni de Verrazano first explored the area that is now New York in 1524
It was first settled by the Dutch in 1613, who built trading posts along the Hudson River. During the next ten years, Dutch settlers would establish small colonies at Albany and other points along the Hudson River.
According to legend, Minuit paid local Indians about $24 worth of trinkets for the land. Who knew that America’s largest city, New York City, would develop from the land that Minuet purchased?
During the early part of the seventeenth century, the English focused on developing their colonies in New England and the Chesapeake, thereby largely neglecting the land between the two settlements. So, the Dutch and the Swedes began to settle the mid-Atlantic region along the Hudson and Delaware Rivers
By the early 1680s, the English had turned New Netherland into several proprietary colonies, including New York, New Jersey, Pennsylvania, and Delaware. In the years after the English takeover, the middle colonies became the most diverse and fastest-growing region in North America.
Unlike other European nations at the time, the Dutch allowed both intellectual and religious freedom. Soon, dissidents from other countries flocked to the tiny nation along the North Sea
The Middle Colonies were New York, New Jersey, Pennsylvania and Delaware. Pennsylvania and Delaware were proprietary colonies
The land of the middle colonies consisted of rich soil, large navigable rivers, bays and a long, warm growing season – all the qualities of rich farmland. than the New England colonies, attracting settlers from Germany, Switzerland, and Holland – countries rich in farming tradition
The major settlers were Quakers and the Dutch, both groups practicing religious tolerance.. The major agricultural crops were fruits, vegetables and grains