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What is the Microsoft identity platform for developers?
What is the Microsoft identity platform for developers?
What is the Microsoft identity platform for developers?
What is the Layer 2 Tunneling Protocol (L2TP)? 
Just as highways and railways move traffic across the country, the online world has its own traffic systems. But your data can encounter various dangers in transit, so a “tunnel” can add a layer of protection
The Layer 2 Tunneling Protocol (L2TP) is a virtual private network (VPN) protocol that creates a connection between your device and a VPN server without encrypting your content. Due to its lack of encryption and authentication, L2TP is usually paired with Internet Protocol Security (IPsec) protocol
IPsec also controls data that travels between the endpoints of the created connection tunnel between the end user and a VPN server online.. However, L2TP is almost 24 years old, outdated, and not frequently used
What is the Secure Shell (SSH) Protocol? 
SSH Protocol – Secure Remote Login and File Transfer. For the company behind it, see SSH Communications Security
For SSH clients, servers, and technical information, see SSH (Secure Shell) home page.. The SSH protocol (also referred to as Secure Shell) is a method for secure remote login from one computer to another
It is a secure alternative to the non-protected login protocols (such as telnet, rlogin) and insecure file transfer methods (such as FTP).. ContentsTypical uses of the SSH protocol How does the SSH protocol work Strong authentication with SSH keys SSH provides strong encryption and integrity protection IETF SSH standard and detailed technical documentation The core protocol SFTP file transfer protocol Public key file format How to Cite SSH
IBM Documentation 
IPSec uses two distinct protocols, Authentication Header (AH) and Encapsulating Security Payload (ESP), which are defined by the IETF.. The AH protocol provides a mechanism for authentication only
Data integrity is ensured by using a message digest that is generated by an algorithm such as HMAC-MD5 or HMAC-SHA. Data origin authentication is ensured by using a shared secret key to create the message digest
AH authenticates IP headers and their payloads, with the exception of certain header fields that can be legitimately changed in transit, such as the Time To Live (TTL) field.. The ESP protocol provides data confidentiality (encryption) and authentication (data integrity, data origin authentication, and replay protection)
Remote Desktop Protocol 
Remote Desktop Protocol (RDP) is a proprietary protocol developed by Microsoft Corporation which provides a user with a graphical interface to connect to another computer over a network connection. The user employs RDP client software for this purpose, while the other computer must run RDP server software.. Clients exist for most versions of Microsoft Windows (including Windows Mobile but the support has ended), Linux (for example Remmina), Unix, macOS, iOS, Android, and other operating systems
By default, the server listens on TCP port 3389 and UDP port 3389.. Microsoft currently refers to their official RDP client software as Remote Desktop Connection, formerly “Terminal Services Client”.
Microsoft makes some specifications public on their website.. This article may not properly summarize its corresponding main article.
Transport Layer Security protocol 
Applies to: Windows Server 2022, Windows Server 2019, Windows Server 2016, Windows 10. This topic for the IT professional describes how the Transport Layer Security (TLS) protocol works and provides links to the IETF RFCs for TLS 1.0, TLS 1.1, and TLS 1.2.
For more information, see TLS versions 1.0 and 1.1 disablement resources.. The TLS (and SSL) protocols are located between the application protocol layer and the TCP/IP layer, where they can secure and send application data to the transport layer
TLS and SSL assume that a connection-oriented transport, typically TCP, is in use. The protocol allows client and server applications to detect the following security risks:
Azure Relay Hybrid Connections protocol guide – Azure Relay 
Azure Relay is one of the key capability pillars of the Azure Service Bus platform. The new Hybrid Connections capability of Relay is a secure, open-protocol evolution based on HTTP and WebSockets
The integration of Hybrid Connections into Azure App Services will continue to function as-is.. Hybrid Connections enables bi-directional, request-response, and binary stream communication, and simple datagram flow between two networked applications
This article describes the client-side interactions with the Hybrid Connections relay for connecting clients in listener and sender roles. It also describes how listeners accept new connections and requests.
What is VoIP (voice over Internet Protocol)? Definition from SearchUnifiedCommunications 
VoIP (voice over Internet Protocol) is the transmission of voice and multimedia content over an internet connection. VoIP allows users to make voice calls from a computer, smartphone, other mobile devices, special VoIP phones and WebRTC-enabled browsers
These features can include call recording, custom caller ID, and voicemail to email. It is also helpful to organizations as a way to unify communications.
VoIP is enabled by a group of technologies and methodologies used to deliver voice communications over the internet, including enterprise local area networks or wide area networks.. A VoIP service will convert a user’s voice from audio signals to digital data, then send that data through the internet
What is IPsec (Internet Protocol Security)? 
IPsec (Internet Protocol Security) is a suite of protocols and algorithms for securing data transmitted over the internet or any public network. The Internet Engineering Task Force, or IETF, developed the IPsec protocols in the mid-1990s to provide security at the IP layer through authentication and encryption of IP network packets.
The former provides data integrity and anti-replay services, and the latter encrypts and authenticates data.. The IPsec suite also includes Internet Key Exchange (IKE), which is used to generate shared security keys to establish a security association (SA)
A special router or firewall that sits between two networks usually handles the SA negotiation process.. IPsec is used for protecting sensitive data, such as financial transactions, medical records and corporate communications, as it’s transmitted across the network
Explains Video Conferencing Standards, Terminology and Protocols 
There is an ever increasing number of standards, terminologies and buzz-words used within the video conferencing industry that can make understanding what is both available and compatible a minefield. We have the H.200 & 300’s, the G.700’s and the H.460’s, not to mention ISDN, LAN, WAN, VPN, ADSL, 802.11 b/g/n wireless and SIP all mixed with High-Definition, 1080p, 720p, NTSC, PAL and CIF
This document explains what these standards, terminologies and buzz-words mean, how they relate to the various communications infrastructures of video conferencing and how they relate to each other.. It is assumed that the reader has a general knowledge of Video Conferencing systems
– H.323 (E.164) Numbers and Dial Plan used by Gatekeepers etc.. – IP Ports and Protocols used by H.323/SIP Devices.
Networking Test 3 Flashcards 
On circuit switched portions of a PSTN, what set of standards established by the ITU is used to handle call signaling?. At what layer of the OSI model does the IPsec encryption protocol operate?
What protocol below is a Microsoft proprietary protocol first available in Windows Vista?. Which of the following is NOT one of the three AAA services provided by RADIUS and TACACS+?
The key management phase of IPSec is reliant on which two services below?. What feature of Windows Server allows for agentless authentication?
Streaming Protocols: Everything You Need to Know 
Streaming Protocols: Everything You Need to Know (Update)October 27, 2022. When it comes to online video delivery, RTMP, HLS, MPEG-DASH, and WebRTC refer to the streaming protocols used to get content from point A to B
Differentiating between all the acronyms is challenging for anyone entering the video streaming space. Add in the fact that each protocol varies slightly in terms of compatibility, latency, security — the list goes on — and things get downright puzzling.
– What Are the Most Common Protocols for Video Streaming?. – Considerations When Choosing a Video Streaming Protocol
PEAP (Protected Extensible Authentication Protocol) 
PEAP (Protected Extensible Authentication Protocol). PEAP (Protected Extensible Authentication Protocol)
PEAP (protected extensible authentication protocol) is a security protocol used to better secure WiFi networks.. How many people within your organisation are tapping away on computers plugged into the walls of your headquarters?
In fact, Stanford University suggests that working from home is the new normal, as more than 42 percent of people logged on remotely during the pandemic. And even when we’re back in the office, we’ll probably use laptops and phones to work.
Getting Started with Datto Continuity for Microsoft Azure 
Getting Started with Datto Continuity for Microsoft Azure. This article describes system requirements for Datto Continuity for Microsoft Azure & how to pair a new protected VM
– Datto Continuity for Microsoft Azure supports adding up to seven Protected Systems, with up to six TB of disk space between them.. – The System PATH variable must have powershell included to allow pairing
– The Microsoft Azure VM agent must be present for the push install to function. If you are migrating existing VMs into Azure from on-prem,the Azure VM agent may not properly install
CISSP Glossary – Student Guide 
Familiarize yourself with the terms you may encounter in the official ISC2 CISSP courseware.. A suitable level of risk commensurate with the potential benefits of the organization’s operations as determined by senior management.
The system decides if access is to be granted or denied based upon the validity of the token for the point where it is read based on time, date, day, holiday, or other condition used for controlling validation.. Accountability ensures that account management has assurance that only authorized users are accessing the system and using it properly.
Is used at the Media Access Control (MAC) Layer to provide for direct communication between two devices within the same LAN segment.. A mathematical function that is used in the encryption and decryption processes.
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