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Countryballs | Modern history of France
Countryballs | Modern history of France
Countryballs | Modern history of France
Allied powers | History & Facts 
Our editors will review what you’ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article.. Allied powers, also called Allies, those countries allied in opposition to the Central Powers (Germany, Austria-Hungary, and Turkey) in World War I or to the Axis powers (Germany, Italy, and Japan) in World War II.
Other countries that had been, or came to be, allied by treaty to one or more of those powers were also called Allies: Portugal and Japan by treaty with Britain; Italy by the Treaty of London of April 26, 1915, with all three powers. Other countries—including the United States after its entry on April 6, 1917—that were arrayed against the Central Powers were called “Associated Powers,” not Allied powers; U.S
The Treaty of Versailles (June 28, 1919) concluding the war listed 27 “Allied and Associated Powers”: Belgium, Bolivia, Brazil, the British Empire, China, Cuba, Czechoslovakia, Ecuador, France, Greece, Guatemala, Haiti, the Hejaz, Honduras, Italy, Japan, Liberia, Nicaragua, Panama, Peru, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Serb-Croat-Slovene State, Siam, the United States, and Uruguay.. In World War II the chief Allied powers were Great Britain, France (except during the German occupation, 1940–44), the Soviet Union (after its entry in June 1941), the United States (after its entry on December 8, 1941), and China
5 Things You Need To Know About The First World War 
The majority joined on the side of the Allies, including Serbia, Russia, France, Britain, Italy and the United States. They were opposed by Germany, Austria-Hungary, Bulgaria and the Ottoman Empire, who together formed the Central Powers
Britain and its Empire’s entry into the war made this a truly global conflict fought on a geographical scale never seen before. Fighting occurred not only on the Western Front, but in eastern and southeast Europe, Africa and the Middle East.
Over 65 million men volunteered or were conscripted to fight in mass citizen armies. Millions of civilians also contributed to the war effort by working in industry, agriculture or jobs left open when men enlisted
Central Powers 
The Central Powers, also known as the Central Empires,[notes 1] were one of the two main coalitions that fought in World War I (1914–1918). It consisted of Germany, Austria-Hungary, the Ottoman Empire, and Bulgaria; this was also known as the Quadruple Alliance.[notes 2]
Despite having nominally joined the Triple Alliance before, Italy did not take part in World War I on the side of the Central Powers. The Ottoman Empire and Bulgaria did not join until after World War I had begun
At the start of the war, the Central Powers consisted of the German Empire and the Austro-Hungarian Empire. The Ottoman Empire joined later in 1914, followed by the Kingdom of Bulgaria in 1915
Allies of World War I 
The Allies, or the Entente powers, were an international military coalition of countries led by France, the United Kingdom, Russia, the United States, Italy, and Japan against the Central Powers of Germany, Austria-Hungary, the Ottoman Empire, and Bulgaria in World War I (1914–1918).. By the end of the first decade of the 20th century, the major European powers were divided between the Triple Entente and the Triple Alliance
The Triple Alliance was originally composed of Germany, Austria–Hungary, and Italy, but Italy remained neutral in 1914. As the war progressed, each coalition added new members
The term “Allies” became more widely used than “Entente”, although the United Kingdom, France, Russia, and Italy were also referred to as the Quadruple Entente and, together with Japan, as the Quintuple Entente. The colonies administered by the countries that fought for the Allies were also part of the Entente powers such as American Philippines, Belgian Congo, British India, French Algeria, and Japanese Korea.. The United States joined near the end of the war in 1917 (the same year in which Russia withdrew from the conflict) as an “associated power” rather than an official ally
How The World Went To War In 1914 
On 28 June 1914, Archduke Franz Ferdinand, the heir to the Austro-Hungarian throne, and his wife were assassinated by a Serbian-backed terrorist. During the crisis that followed, Europe’s leaders made a series of political, diplomatic and military decisions that would turn a localised conflict in south-east Europe into a global war.
Russia’s support of Serbia brought France into the conflict. Germany declared war on Russia on 1 August and France on 3 August
These actions reflect the fears, anxieties and ambitions of the European powers. The decisions for war were made in the context of growing nationalism, increased militarism, imperial rivalry and competition for power and influence
A Fire Waiting to Be Lit: The Origins of World War I 
A Fire Waiting to Be Lit: The Origins of World War I. In addition to the main article “A Fire Waiting to Be Lit: The Origins of World War I,” this lesson has four Common Core activities
Click on the activities tab below to access each of the activites. Included are instructions for teachers and students, followed by student handouts
A Fire Waiting to Be Lit: The Origins of World War I. The assassination of Archduke Ferdinand and his wife,Sophie, as depicted in a drawing
Stars and Stripes: The American Soldiers’ Newspaper of World War I, 1918-1919 
Austria-Hungary declares war on Serbia, beginning World War I.. Nations allied against Germany were eventually to include Great Britain, Russia, Italy, Australia, New Zealand, South Africa, Rhodesia, Romania, Greece, France, Belgium, United States, Canada, Serbia, India, Portugal, Montenegro, and Poland.
Allied forces land on the Gallipoli Peninsula of the Ottoman Empire.. German submarine sinks the passenger liner Lusitania during crossing from New York to Liverpool, England, killing 128 Americans.
Battle of Verdun ends with 550,000 French and 450,000 German casualties.. Germany returns to unrestricted submarine warfare halted after the sinking of the Lusitania.
How a Regional Conflict Snowballed Into World War I 
On June 28, 1914, a member of the revolutionary group Young Bosnia assassinated Archduke Franz Ferdinand. The archduke was the presumptive heir to the throne of Austria-Hungary, which had annexed Bosnia-Herzegovina several years before
Austria-Hungary discovered this connection and declared war on Serbia a month after the assassination.. The reason this regional conflict escalated into World War I—which killed some 20 million soldiers and civilians—is something people have been debating since it ended
These alliances created a balance of power in Europe that some hoped would actually prevent war. Yet for many countries, the alliances made them feel like they had no choice but to join a growing international conflict.
The Allies 
The military alliance that fought against the Central Powers was known as the Allies. Initially this alliance was based around the four great powers of Russia, France, Japan and the British Empire, along with the smaller states of Serbia, Montenegro and Belgium that also went to war in 1914.
This opened up a new battlefront – the Italian Front – along their common border that would be the main focus of Italian military operations for the rest of the war. Italy did not declare war on Germany until August 1916
Conditions were made even worse by the fact that much of it was fought at high altitude in the Alps.. In 1916 Romania and Portugal joined the war on the Allies’ side, but the former was soon invaded by the Central Powers, which occupied nearly all of its territory
The Crisis of 1914 and the Road to War 
A estrada que transformou um assassínio nos Balcãs numa guerra mundial é confusa e difícil de perceber. Se quisermos compreender esta catástrofe seminal do século XX não são suficientes explicações simples
Mots-clés :1914, Première guerre mondiale, ultimatum, origine de la guerre, Sarajevo. Keywords:1914, World War I, Origins of War, Sarajevo, Ultimatum
1Understanding how the assassination of a relatively unknown archduke in a small provincial city could have resulted in the most devastating war the world had ever known is no easy task. An almost unlimited number of causes, variables, and personalities were involved in turning a comparatively minor diplomatic crisis into a world war
The Great War 
The immediate cause of the First World War was the assassination in Sarajevo (28th June 1914) of the Austrian heir Archduke Francesco Ferdinando and his wife by the Serbian irredentist student, Gavrilo Princip.. But the real causes of the war are more remote and complicated
the French-German conflict (Prussian victory in 1870 and a French sentiment of revenge; German intervention in the Moroccan question, etc.).. the British-German conflict (a German political economic Power rising in the world).
The conflicts between the great Powers spoiled the political system of the European Countries, leading to the formation of two hostile fronts: the Triple Alliance (Germany, Austria-Hungary and Italy) and the Triple Entente (Great Britain, France and Russia). The increasing arm race led up to international tension between the Countries.
World War One and the Triggers for War 
The spark which set Europe (and the rest of the world) alight was the assassination of the Austrian Archduke Franz Ferdinand by a Serb nationalist on 28th June, 1914.. Austria blamed Serbia, which then looked to Russia for support
Britain declared war on Germany in support of Belgium and France, and on Turkey because of her alliance with Germany.. Britain declared war on Germany on August 4th 1914, but rivalry between the two countries had been growing for years
Europe was now divided into the Central Powers (Germany, Austria-Hungary, Turkey and their allies) and the Triple Entente (Britain and the British Empire, France and Russia and their allies), with countries such as Spain, Albania, Norway, the Netherlands and Sweden remaining neutral.. Soon however most of the major nations of the world would become involved in the war
Canada and the First World War 
Rival alliances, clashing interests, and secret treaties divided pre-war Europe, and set the stage for a war that would quickly engulf most of the continent, and much of the world.. At the start of the war, the Triple Entente powers were:
In October 1915, Bulgaria joined the Central Powers.. Italy, a pre-war ally of Germany and Austria-Hungary, entered the war in 1915 on the side of the Entente
Long-standing territorial grievances, colonial competition, and fear of surprise attack plagued international relations in the run-up to war. Once fighting seemed likely, no state wanted to mobilize last, lest its enemies use the opportunity to settle old scores
» World War I — The Isonzo Front 
On 28 June 1914, Archduke Franz Ferdinand of Austria, heir presumptive to the Austro-Hungarian throne, and his wife Sophie were assassinated while on a visit to Sarajevo. After the Austro-Hungarian ultimatum to the Kingdom of Serbia, Austria-Hungary declared war on Serbia a month later (on 28 July 1914)
Europe turned to a vast battlefield, divided into several fronts, since two opposing “blocks” entered the war: the Central Powers (Germany, Austria-Hungary, Bulgaria and Turkey) on the one side and the Triple Entente (France, Great Britain and Russia) on the other. During the first year of the war, in spite of its partnership in the trilateral alliance with Austria-Hungary and Germany, Italy remained neutral
Thus, the south-west front was opened; it was more than six hundred kilometres long, running from the Pass of Stelvio on the Swiss-Italian-Austrian border trijunction, across the mountain region between Trentino and Veneto (at that time Trentino was part of the Austro-Hungarian Empire), the Carnian Alps, and through the Soča Region to the Adriatic. The ninety-kilometre-long section of the front that ran along the Soča (Isonzo) River from Mt
World War I–Chronology 
– 28 June–Archduke Francis Ferdinand of Austria was assassinated. – 12 August–French and British declaration of war on Austria-Hungary
– 1 October–The first division of Canadian troops sailed to complete its training in Great Britain. – 21 October-17 November–Germany failed to reach the English Channel in the First Battle of Ypres
– 5 November–Britain and France declared war on Turkey. – 11 February–The first Canadian soldiers land in France
Why did World War One start? 
It became known as The Great War, as it affected people all over the world.. Each of the countries got their troops ready to fight
Great Britain, Germany, Austria-Hungary and Russia all ruled many countries (colonies) across the world. They wanted to keep their empires strong and saw other countries taking over new territories as a threat.
On 28 June 1914, Archduke Franz Ferdinand, the heir to the throne of Austria-Hungary, was shot and killed by a Serbian man who thought Serbia should control Bosnia instead of Austria.. Because its leader had been shot, Austria-Hungary declared war on Serbia