18 which city was the center of commerce and hellenistic civilization Tutorial

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What Are the Most Important Cities of the Hellenistic World? [1]

The Hellenistic cities were one of the most visible legacies of Alexander the Great’s legendary conquest. Alexander’s massive Empire collapsed soon after the young ruler’s death
Inspired by the classical Greek polis, all of the towns had a similar plan and the same set of public buildings: the city council (boule), colonnaded walkways (stoa) surrounding a public square (agora), temples, theaters, libraries, and gymnasia.. The streets and squares were filled with monuments, statues and inscriptions, celebrating the achievements of wealthy patrons — rulers and prominent city members
Their importance was so great that once the Roman Empire took this area, the Hellenistic cities retained their importance and rights under the new regime.. Alexandria ad Aegyptum – The City of Alexander the Great

Hellenistic age | History, Characteristics, Art, Philosophy, Religion, & Facts [2]

Our editors will review what you’ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article.. – Ancient-Greece.org – History of Greece: Hellenistic
Hellenistic age, in the eastern Mediterranean and Middle East, the period between the death of Alexander the Great in 323 bce and the conquest of Egypt by Rome in 30 bce. For some purposes the period is extended for a further three and a half centuries, to the move by Constantine the Great of his capital to Constantinople (Byzantium) in 330 ce
Nothing shows the personality of Alexander the Great more clearly than the way in which people who had seemed pygmies at his side now became leaders of the world he had left behind. Blood still counted: the only male relative, a mentally impaired, illegitimate son of Philip, was proclaimed king as Philip III Arrhidaeus (c

Intellectual Pursuits of the Hellenistic Age [3]

Throughout the Hellenistic period (323–31 B.C.), Athens remained the leading center for the study of philosophy, fostering several famous philosophical schools (1993.342). The first to be established in the first half of the fourth century B.C
In the second half of the fourth century B.C., Zeno of Kition (335–263 B.C.) established his Stoic school of philosophy, named for his teaching platform, the stoa, or arcade, in the Athenian Agora. Around the same time, Epikouros (341–270 B.C.) developed his philosophical school, the Kepos, named after the garden in Athens where he taught (11.90)
They were devoted to gaining and imparting knowledge. The Cynics were another philosophical group that had no meeting place

Hellenistic period [4]

In classical antiquity, the Hellenistic period covers the time in Mediterranean history after Classical Greece, between the death of Alexander the Great in 323 BC to the death of Cleopatra VII (30 BC)[1] followed by the emergence of the Roman Empire, as signified by the Battle of Actium in 31 BC and the conquest of Ptolemaic Egypt the following year.[2][3] The Ancient Greek word Hellas (Ἑλλάς, Hellás) was gradually recognized as the name for Greece, from which the word Hellenistic was derived.[4] “Hellenistic” is distinguished from “Hellenic” in that the latter refers to Greece itself, while the former encompasses all ancient territories under Greek influence, in particular the East after the conquests of Alexander the Great.. After the Macedonian conquest of the Achaemenid Empire in 330 BC and its disintegration shortly after, the Hellenistic kingdoms were established throughout south-west Asia (Seleucid Empire, Kingdom of Pergamon), north-east Africa (Ptolemaic Kingdom) and South Asia (Greco-Bactrian Kingdom, Indo-Greek Kingdom).[5][6] This resulted in an influx of Greek colonists and the export of Greek culture and language to these new realms, spanning as far as modern-day India
Hellenistic culture thus represents a fusion of the ancient Greek world with that of Western Asian, Northeastern African, and Southwestern Asian.[7] This mixture gave rise to a common Attic-based Greek dialect, known as Koine Greek, which became the lingua franca throughout the ancient world.. During the Hellenistic period, Greek cultural influence and power reached its peak in the Mediterranean and beyond
The Hellenistic period saw the rise of New Comedy, Alexandrian poetry, translation efforts such as the Septuagint, and the philosophies of Stoicism, Epicureanism, and Pyrrhonism. In science, the works of the mathematician Euclid and the polymath Archimedes are exemplary

Hellenistic age – Greek Culture, Expansion, Science [5]

The greatest of Alexander’s foundations became the greatest city of the Hellenistic world, Alexandria-by-Egypt. It was laid out in the typical Hellenistic grid pattern along a narrow strip between Lake Mareotis and the sea
Across it was the shorter Transverse Street, with at least 10 parallel major roads. The city was divided into five regions, known as Alpha, Beta (the Palace area), Gamma, Delta (the Jewish quarter), and Epsilon
A canal to the Nile helped secure the water supply; there also were rainwater cisterns. The so-called Potter’s Oracle described the city as “a universal nurse, a city in which every human race has settled,” and Strabo called it “a universal reservoir.”

How did trade contribute to cultural diversity in the Hellenistic city of Alexandria? [6]

Trade contributed to culture diversity in the Hellenistic city of Alexandria as it became the foremost center of commerce and Hellenistic civilization. The warehouses were full with wheat and other products from the Nile Valley
In my opinion Alexander of Macedon was most remembered in Egypt for founding the city of Alexandria; the cultural center of the ancient world, and the first ancient library.. The silk road played a big part in cultural diffusion.
Trade contributed to culture diversity in the Hellenistic city of Alexandria as it became the foremost center of commerce and Hellenistic civilization. The warehouses were full with wheat and other products from the Nile Valley

The Economy of Ancient Greece [7]

Darel Tai Engen, California State University – San Marcos. Given the remoteness of ancient Greek civilization, the evidence is minimal and difficulties of interpretation abound
in what are called the Archaic (776-480), Classical (480-323), and Hellenistic (323-30) periods.2 During this time, Greek civilization was very different from our own in a variety of ways. In the Archaic and Classical periods, Greece was not unified but was comprised of hundreds of small, independent poleis or “city-states.” During the Hellenistic period, Greek civilization spread into the Near East and large kingdoms became the norm
Thus, despite over a century of investigation, scholars are still debating the nature of the ancient Greek economy.. Moreover, the evidence is insufficient to employ all but the most basic quantitative methods of modern economic analysis and has forced scholars to employ other more qualitative methods of investigation

Greek City-States [8]

The Greek city-states were the dominant settlement structure of the ancient Greek world and helped define how different regions interacted with each other.. Anthropology, Archaeology, Social Studies, Ancient Civilizations, Civics
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Ancient Greek Colonization and Trade and their Influence on Greek Art [9]

Ancient Greek colonization began at an early date, during the so-called Geometric period of about 900 to 700 B.C. (74.51.965), when many seminal elements of ancient Greek society were also established, such as city-states, major sanctuaries, and the Panhellenic festivals
Greece is a country surrounded by water, and the sea has always played an important role in its history. The ancient Greeks were active seafarers seeking opportunities for trade and founding new independent cities at coastal sites across the Mediterranean Sea
Regional schools of artists exhibited a rich variety of styles and preferences at this time. The major Ionian cities along the coast of Asia Minor prospered (21.169.1)

No Bull Economics Lessons [10]

Ancient Greece is one of the most influential periods in all of World History. Below you will find some of the most important terms, concepts, and historical figures relating the Golden Age of Greek culture
– Mycenaeans – Preserved and spread Minoan culture.. – Dorians – Ruled the Greek world for 400 years but left no written record.
– Olympics – Sporting event that city-states could compete in; political event in that city-states put aside any differences to compete.. – Sparta – City-state that values military and the state.

The Hellenistic age saw the spread of cities founded by Alexander and his successors. What was the role and impact of these cities? [11]

The Hellenistic cities were meant as sources of economic, military, and political power for the Greeks who were ruling the Hellenistic empires. While they had this impact, they also had the impact of spreading Greek culture across much of Asia, as far as what is now India and Afghanistan.
In addition, they were politically helpful because the Greeks and the local rulers who controlled the cities needed one another. This allowed the Greeks to control the cities and, thereby, the areas around the cities.
In the cities, arts, architecture, religion, and other cultural things were all Greek. This had the impact of spreading the culture far beyond the Greek homeland.

5 Famous Cities Founded by Alexander the Great [12]

By his own admission, Alexander the Great endeavored to reach the “ends of the world and the Great Outer Sea”. During his brief but eventful reign, he managed to do just that, creating a vast Empire that stretched from Greece and Egypt all the way to India
But the young ruler was not satisfied with mere cultural change. Before his untimely death, Alexander the Great reshaped the landscape of his enormous Empire by founding more than twenty cities that bore his name
Alexandria ad Aegyptum: Alexander the Great’s Lasting Legacy. Alexander the Great founded his most famous city, Alexandria ad Aegyptum, in 332 BCE

The Hellenistic World: A Fusion of Civilizations [13]

The Greeks referred to themselves as the “Hellenes”, and classical Greek civilization is therefore sometimes labelled “Hellenic”. Modern scholars distinguish the phase of Greek civilization which followed Alexander’s conquests from the earlier, classical age by giving it the label “Hellenistic”: that period when Greek civilization spread right across the Middle East and beyond and in the process was subtly changed by its interaction with the cultures of the conquered populations
Nevertheless, Hellenistic civilization represents something of a fusion of many cultures. In government, religion, thought and art, elements from different traditions are mingled together in one of the most fascinating cultural melanges in world history.
Ten years later he had completed the conquest of this empire, and more; he had even brought parts of India under his rule.. After Alexander’s untimely death in 323 BCE, his empire immediately began to fall apart as his generals fought each other for supremacy

Insights on Eastern Hellenistic Historical and Archaeological Material Culture of the Oikoumene: Globalisation and Local Socio-Cultural Identities [14]

Alexander the Great and the Particularity of Greco-Macedonian, Hellenism, and the Hellenised World: A Brief Introduction and Scope. There are several reasons why it makes sense to begin this research in understanding the particularity of the Greco-Macedonian excision for making the Hellenistic world, starting with defining and clarifying the meaning of Hellenism and Hellenisation
It was the age when there was a “fusion between the Greek and non-Greek elements in different parts of Asia, North Africa, and Southern Italy” [1. 66) stated a paradigm: “how creative liberties can affect people’s historical viewpoints and events.” After a rapid analysis of the Hellenistic world under and after Alexander the Great, from the point that the Greco-Macedonian and the later Roman settlements could not have occurred without the Pan-Hellenic campaign against Persia by Alexander the Great, we can glean the following takeaways:
The Macedonian king Alexander the Great’s conquests (334–323 BCE) furnished the conditions to successfully restructure the ancient Greek Classical world of the fifth century BCE. Alexander’s conquest of Asia Minor added to his empire and effectively spread Greek culture across vast parts of the known world [3

Essay on The Age of Alexander – 1793 Words [15]

Alexander the Great Alexander the Great was king of the Macedonians and one of the greatest generals in history. As a student of the Greek philosopher Aristotle, Alexander was embedded with lasting interests in philosophy, politics and warfare
His armies overcame these risks by sheer force and by the ingenious tactics instilled in them by Alexander. He and his armies conquered the Persian Empire, which stretched from the Mediterranean Sea to India and formed much of what was then considered the civilized world
Alexander the Great’s large accomplishments in the third century BC changed the landscape of Afro-Eurasia in ancient times, and arguably through modern day. With the growth of his empire came the spread of Hellenistic culture throughout the lands he conquered

From Egypt to India: The cities founded by Alexander the Great [16]

Alexander the Great conquered all the way to India and along the way founded new cities, from the East Mediterranean all the way to the Punjab.. More importantly, however, he laid the cultural foundations for the establishment of the ancient Hellenistic world, all the way from Alexandria in Egypt to the borders of India.
However, after years of never-ending war across the Near East, the mighty general was finally making his way back home at the demand of his homesick troops.. Alexander the Great died in Babylon, the city which he planned to establish as his capital, in 323 BC before he could execute a series of planned campaigns that would have begun with an invasion of Arabia.
Alexander’s policy of settling Greek colonists in conquered lands and cities, and the resulting spread of Greek culture in the East, resulted in a new Hellenistic civilization.. Here are some of the most important cities he founded across the known world of the time.

Alexander the Great and the Hellenistic Culture (Part 2) [17]

Alexander the Great and the Hellenistic Culture (Part 2). The Peloponnesian War severely weakened several Greek city-states
In the nearby kingdom of Macedonia, King Philip II took note. Philip dreamed of taking control of Greece and then moving against Persia to seize its vast wealth
To learn all about the origins of Ancient Greece and its classical period, check this post (part 1) and also check Ancient Greece Timeline Questionnaire.. The kingdom of Macedonia, located just north of Greece, had rough terrain and a cold climate

Hellenistic civilization [18]

Hellenistic civilization: The conquests of Alexander the Great spread Hellenism immediately over the Middle East and far into Asia. After his death in 323 BC, the influence of Greek civilization continued to expand over the Mediterranean world and W Asia
While the city-states of Greece itself tended to stagnate, elsewhere cities and states grew and flourished. So great a force did Alexandria exert in commerce, letters, and art that this period is occasionally called the Alexandrian Age, and the end of Hellenistic civilization is generally set at the final triumph of Roman power in Alexandria in the 1st cent
The bounds of the known world were extended by navigators, who learned, for example, about the North Sea. The upsurge of commerce brought a great increase of wealth to merchants and in general to the upper classes; this wealth was also reflected in a tendency toward the ornate and superimpressive in architecture, although town plans and buildings of the period have proportions and grace rarely excelled

which city was the center of commerce and hellenistic civilization
18 which city was the center of commerce and hellenistic civilization Tutorial


  1. https://www.thecollector.com/the-most-important-cities-of-hellenistic-world/#:~:text=Alexandria%20ad%20Aegyptum%20%E2%80%93%20The%20City%20of%20Alexander%20the%20Great&text=Located%20on%20the%20shores%20of,of%20the%20powerful%20Ptolemaic%20Kingdom.
  2. https://www.britannica.com/event/Hellenistic-Age#:~:text=Hellenistic%20age%2C%20in%20the%20eastern,by%20Rome%20in%2030%20bce.
  3. https://www.metmuseum.org/toah/hd/ipha/hd_ipha.htm#:~:text=In%20many%20ways%2C%20this%20kind,during%20the%20early%20Hellenistic%20period.
  4. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hellenistic_period
  5. https://www.britannica.com/event/Hellenistic-Age/Hellenistic-civilization
  6. https://history.answers.com/ancient-history/How_did_trade_contribute_to_cultural_diversity_in_the_Hellenistic_city_of_Alexandria
  7. https://eh.net/encyclopedia/the-economy-of-ancient-greece/
  8. https://www.nationalgeographic.org/encyclopedia/greek-city-states/
  9. https://www.metmuseum.org/toah/hd/angk/hd_angk.htm
  10. https://www.mrmedico.info/g5ancientgreece.htm
  11. https://www.enotes.com/homework-help/hellenistic-age-saw-spread-cities-founded-by-292831
  12. https://www.thecollector.com/famous-cities-founded-by-alexander-the-great/
  13. https://timemaps.com/civilizations/hellenistic-world/
  14. https://www.mdpi.com/2571-9408/4/4/184
  15. https://www.bartleby.com/essay/The-Age-of-Alexander-PK9HB4YTJ
  16. https://greekcitytimes.com/2022/04/30/egypt-india-alexander-the-great/
  17. https://www.englishwithsophia.com/alexander-the-great-and-the-hellenistic-culture-part-2/
  18. https://www.encyclopedia.com/reference/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/hellenistic-civilization
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